Diabetes Specialist

Orem Internal Medicine

Jeffrey G Ogden, M.D.

Board Certified Internal Medicine & Preventive Medicine Specialist located in Orem, UT

Excess body fat, especially in the belly area, makes us more susceptible to metabolism related illnesses like Type 2 Diabetes. Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes include fatigue, excessive urination, and inappropriate appetite or thirst. Often those with diabetes have numbness or tingling in the feet or hands, sometimes blurred vision, even forgetfulness. Type 2 Diabetes means that your body is unable to process sugars from foods appropriately, most often because of your body’s resistance to the action of your own insulin. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, call or make an appointment online today with Dr. Jeffrey Ogden at Orem Internal Medicine in Orem, Utah. <hr/>

Diabetes Q & A

by Jeffrey G Ogden, M.D.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic illness wherein your body cannot process blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is essential, not only because it's a source of energy for the cells of your muscles and tissues, but also because it’s your brain's primary source of fuel.

If you have too much — or not enough —  glucose in your blood, you can end up with:

  • Cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, and poor circulation
  • Organ damage like liver or kidney failure
  • Hormonal deficiency of either testosterone (men) or estrogen (women)
  • Nerve injury causing chronic pain or balance problems
  • Skin problems like rashes or non-healing sores

What are the different types of diabetes?

There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes

Usually referred to as Juvenile Diabetes, meaning onset in the very young. It occurs when your pancreas stops making insulin. Without insulin, the body cannot store sugars and your blood sugar increases inappropriately. Type 1 Diabetes always requires treatment with insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes

Termed Adult Onset Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes is associated with increasing insulin resistance.  Usually, this is due to increasing abdominal fat, poor dietary habits, and a sedentary lifestyle.  Essentially, your body’s tissues resist storing more sugars, which requires greater amounts of insulin secretion.  After a while, even though your pancreas is producing several times the normal amount of insulin, it can’t keep up with the tissues’ resistance and the blood sugar increases.

Unlike Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes is very treatable with lifestyle changes and tablet medications.

Who is at risk for diabetes?

Family history is the most significant risk factor when it comes to Type 1 Diabetes. It also plays a part in Type 2 Diabetes, but Type 2 is usually brought on more by obesity, poor diet, and lack of exercise.

If you have a family history of diabetes, or if you’re overweight and experiencing any of the above symptoms, call or make an appointment online today with Dr. Jeffrey Ogden at Orem Internal Medicine in Orem, Utah.